Dartboard Set-up For Standard and Wheelchair Play
Standard Dartboard Height & Oche Throwing Distance.
A commonly asked question what height and distance to the oche should a dartboard be? The detail below covers the Standard (steel tip) Dartboard or in some quarters called the London Board. The setup can vary for other Regional dartoards i.e. the Yorkshire Dartboard, the Fives Dartboard and the smaller Manchester Dartboard. These dartboards can have either different board height or oche throwing distances. With Soft-tip Standard Dartboard the reconised throwing distance is 8' (2.43m) not 7' 9 ¼” (2.37m) as shown below. See regional dartboard section.
The measurements are still shown in metric and non-metric (imperial Feet and Inch’s). The modern setup use the metric equivalent to the imperial measurements. You can download the dartboard setup from this page for both the standard abled body height and the disabled wheelchair height which was agreed by the World Darts Federation in 2012
Soft-tip Dartboard setup details are also shown here however I have not included a diagram.
Standard Dartboard Set-up (Side View)
Standard Dartboard Set-up (Front View)
Dartboard Set-up Measurements
This website contains both metric and imperial measurements to set-up the standard ‘clock’ or ‘London’ dartboard. Throws of you with a keen eye will know that the 5’8” is in fact 172.72cm not 173cm as illustrated so what should the height be?
The height since the formalisation of the both height and throwing distance should be as show 173cm height and 237cm length. The imperial measure for the height was rounded up by 0.28cm a very slight change however other regional dartboard height is still referred to in the older imperial measurement but you will see I have also added the metric equivalent.
Wheelchair uses should set the board height at 137cm. More details regarding wheelchair darts and disability darts can be seen below and on a dedicated disability darts page on this website,
Imperial measurements are still used on most dart barrels and shaft threads 2BA and the older large brass not commonly seen these days 4BA
5' 8" (1.73m) from the floor to the centre of the bulls eye.
Throwing / Toe line or Oche
7' 9 ¼” (2.37m) from the board to the throw line or 9' 7 ½" (2.93m) when measured diagonally from the bulls eye to the throwing line). This second measure is used when playing on an uneven surface.
Minimum 2' (0.6m) clearance both sides of the board (remember darts are sharp!).
The board should be mounted flush to the wall not leaning forward with D20 directly at the top.
The common oche length used when playing on a Soft-tip boards is 8’ (2.43m) not 7’ 9 ¼” (2.37m). See your local league for any variation. The height of the board is the same as a standard dartboard.
Ladies Throwing Distance!
A commonly asked question is what distance should ladies throw from. Well basically BDO World Championship ladies throwing distance is the same as the men's, 7' 9 ¼” (2.37m). But many leagues around the UK have different throwing distances for ladies. The most common distances other than 7' 9 ¼”, is 7' 6" & 7' 0". Other distances for men include 8' 0" & 8' 6" but this is now uncommon.
Other Dartboard Set-ups
Why is the Hockey / Oche and dartboard height such an issue?
Scholars of the sport may have read there have been, and still are, many variations of the dartboard. The common dartboard we see on TV and probably play-on in pubs and clubs is known as the standard London clock dartboard but it hasn’t always been that way.
For this reason confusion set in on what the setup for a dartboard should be, above in the is Official setup for the standard board but what about others?
Throwing distances and heights have varied over the years and today different leagues still use different measurements. I have listed below the standard measurements used. However I am sure others will say we play from x distance different from what I have stated. I know some ladies leagues do use shorter throwing distances but this is not true for official competition i.e. WDF,BDO competitions.
The standard dartboard setup is used by the WDF, BDO, PDC and other official bodies. As for the others, I have checked with the regions, to confirm the setups for each.
The figures here are rounded to the nearest CM and 1/4". Modern setups use metric measurements however I have shown both for reference.
|Board||Centre Bull to Ground||Ground level to Oche||Centre Bull to Oche|
|Standard||5' 8" = 173 cm||7' 9 ¼” = 237 cm||9' 7 ½" = 293 cm|
|Standard (Whellchair)||4' 6" = 137 cm||7' 9 ¼” = 237 cm||9' 0" = 274 cm|
|Soft-tip||5' 8" = 173 cm||8' 0" = 244 cm||9' 9 ¾" = 299 cm|
|London Fives (Narrow Fives)*||5' 6" = 168 cm||9' 0” = 274.3 cm||10' 6" = 320 cm|
|Ipswich Fives (Wide Fives) TBC**||5' 8" = 173 cm||7' 9 ¼” = 237 cm||9' 7 ½" = 293 cm|
|Manchester||5' 3" = 160 cm||7' 6" = 229 cm||9' 2" = 279 cm|
|Manchester***||5' 6" = 168 cm||7' 6" = 229 cm||9' 3 1/5" = 284 cm|
|Yorkshire||5' 6" = 168 cm||7' 2" = 218 cm||9' 0" = 274 cm|
The above is the official board heights and accepted throwing distance however some leagues may vary so please check your local league setup and rules. As stated the measurement conversion are rounded from the imperial to metric.
Over the years the regional variation on ‘Hockey’ or ‘Oche’ length has always been an issue with players moving from one County to another. Throwing distances have been anything from 6’- 9’, most common 7’, 7’2”, 7’6”, 8’ and 9’ So why is the official length 7’ 9 ¼” 2.37m? The answer can be found on the Darts501.com website factoids page.
The Yorkshire Dartboard: Some may disagree with the set-up I have listed above and this may be due to changes seemly adopted in parts of Yorkshire but not necessarily all. The information I have gathered from Yorkshire and Professional Dart players confirms this set-up however I am aware that some set the Yorkshire board up as per a standard clock board
The Board should hang securely from a wall so that the height of the centre bull is 5ft 6ins from the floor.
The throwing distances can vary from anything from 9ft face of the board measured horizontally. This equates 10ft 6ins when measure from the Centre Bullseye to the rear of the Oche.
** The Ipswich or Wide Fives set-up is shown as the standard setup however I am waiting confirmation as this may well change to the same as the London Five Dartboard.
*** Manchester Log-End Dartboard League Variations
Wheelchair Dartboard Set-up
In 2010 Russ Strobel submitted to the Darts Australia a new recommended dartboard height for Wheelchair users. The height Russ has come up with is 137cm to the centre Bull. The height was based on the perceived origins of the standard hanging height of the standard clock dartboard. It is said the average height of a man in the England UK was 5’8” around 1920’s, the height to the centre bullseye of a standard board. Modern adjustments make that 173cm. Russ has taken this analogy and worked out what the height would be should a man of 5’8” (173cm) be sitting in a wheelchair. His exact figure came out to be 136.5cm however as Russ explains the addition of 0.5cm would make the recommended wheelchair dartboard height easy to remember 137cm (wheelchair) - 173cm (Standard). I agree with you Russ we all like things easy to recall.
This new height for wheelchair users was recognised by the WDF on October 8th 2012. The fisrt World Disablity 'Winmau' Masters took place in 2014. Read more about Disability Darts
For information on how to light your dartboard please click here